Mobile Broadband and Mobile Internet Connection Glossary

Mobile Broadband  and  Mobile Data Connection Glossary

Broadband:  Broadband or high-speed Internet access allows users access to the internet and internet-related services. Broadband speeds vary significantly depending upon the specific type and level of service ordered and may vary from as low as 200 kilobits per second (kbps), to six megabits per second (Mbps), or even more.

3G broadband: What is 3G broadband? It’s currently the preferred way nearly all smartphones and mobile computers access the internet using a signal from a mobile internet service provider. It is called 3G because it is the ‘third generation’ of mobile technology.  [LeadingPrimary] European and American internet service providers have 3G available for mobile subscribers.

Anti-spam: Used to prevent e-mail spam; which is also known as junk e-mail or electronic junk mail.   Email spam typically involves transmitting almost identical messages sent to numerous recipients using e-mail. A common acronym for spam is UBE which stands for unsolicited bulk e-mail. There are various anti-spam techniques.
Anti-spam techniques can be divided into four general categories: those that require actions by individuals, those that can be automated by systems administrators, those that are automated by e-mail senders and those employed by researchers and law enforcement officials.

Anti-virus: This is software that attempts to guard computers, notebooks, and smartphones from malicious internet (including email) transferred malware.  Malware is malicious software applications typically intended to be intrusive or damaging.  Computer viruses, Trojan horses and worms are typical types of malware.

Malware is not just an annoyance, it often damages computers and cell phones while potentially stealing personal data.

There are many bad people out there looking to make problems and some kind of anti-virus software application is required on a broadband-enabled computers, laptops, and or mobile phones.   

Namebrand anti-virus software applications such as Norton or McAfee are sometimes included by mobile internet service providers and offered for free.  Many people rely on free versions of services such as Avast and AVG.  One way or another – the reality is an anti-virus software application is essential to protect computers, laptops, and cell phones.

Anti-spyware: Spyware is broad category of malicious software that will insert itself on computers, and cell phones from broadband internet connections. Spyware is designed to intercept or take partial control of a computer or smartphone operation without permission from the device’s owner or legitimate user.  Spyware is a type of malware installed on computers that secretly gathers information about users without their knowledge.  Including sensitive information like websites used or content of emails.

Capping:  In mobile broadband  terms capping describes a cap, or limitation, on the data allowed to download on a specific contract.  IF the cap is exceeded, additional fees often apply.

Dongle: In mobile internet connection  terminology dongle has been almost universally adopted to describe the small device that plugs into another internet-enabled device to receive a mobile broadband  signal.  Often just referred to as a stick, the dongle allows devices to access mobile internet connection just like a smartphone.

Bandwidth Download speed: Bandwidth Download speed refers to how quickly a file (of data) can be downloaded from a remote source.  This mobile internet connection term  describes how fast a connection can deliver data to a computer.  To “download” something means to put it on your computer, commonly over the internet.    The download speed is measured by how much of the file is transferred to you over a certain amount of time.  It used to be most download speeds were measured in kb/s, kilobytes per second, or thousands of (data) bytes per second; however fortunately currently it is more typical to measure this connection speed it megabytes or millions of bytes per second.

Femtocells: Femtocells use broadband and boost the 3G signal to make handsets – and devices with a dongle – perform better.   A femtocell is a wireless access point that delivers localized 3G broadband coverage.  Often it is very small base station that receives data connection supplier or ISP signals and boosts it around a small area, such as your house, office or event center.  They very likely are going to become quite common and will be important in location based services and marketing.

Firewall: A firewall is a software component used to stop outside access on computers, laptops or handsets via the internet. The firewall will analyze arriving data that connect to the computers, laptops or handsets, and if it doesn’t meet the settings allocated to it, the data connection will be stopped.

A good firewall virus software program is needed to protect computers, notebooks, and mobile phones with a broadband connection.     Firewall software programs   need to work with anti-spyware, anti-virus, and anti-spam software to be most effective.

Fixed-line: Fixed-line broadband is a term used to describe either cable or ADSL internet connections.  The term is primarily used to differentiate fixed-line broadband from mobile broadband which is wireless and uses a mobile network signal network.

Gb (or gigabit): Giga means one billion. Gb  (note the small b) a contraction of   gigabit, a unit used to describe the speed at which data travels across an internet connection (also sometimes written as Gbps, or gigabits per second). Current broadband connections are measured in Mb (megabits per second) – there are 1024Mb in 1Gb.

GB (or Gbps, or gigabyte): GB is an abbreviation of  gigabyte, which is often used to describe the size of computer files and memory storage capacity. There are 1024 bytes in a kilobyte (KB), 1024 kilobytes in a megabyte (MB), and 1024 megabytes in a gigabyte. For comparison, a small Notepad file is typically measured in bytes, a basic Word document in kilobytes, a music file in megabytes and a DVD movie in gigabytes.

HSPA, HSDPA, HSUPA: HSPA is an acronym for ‘high speed packet access’. HSDPA stands for ‘high speed download packet access’ and HSUPA is an acronym ‘high speed upload’ packet access’, each describes the same technology either sending or receiving data.  It is the latest advancement in quality for mobile broadband usage, working on various 3G mobile data connection networks to improve the speed of data transfer.

HSPA Evolved, HSPA+: The next generation of HSPA is Evolved HSPA (or HSPA+) with potential mobile broadband speeds up to 42Mb.

ISP:ISP is an acronym for internet service provider.

Kb (or kilobit): Kb is a contraction of  kilobit, which is a term used to describe internet data speed also written as Kbps, or kilobits per second.  It was typically used to measure dial-up internet speeds and still  appears with slower mobile broadband connections.

LTE: LTE stands for Long Term Evolution, and is one of the next generation of mobile broadband technologies.  It is said to be capable of data transfer rates 15 to 100 times faster than current 3G mobile networks.

Mb (or Mbps, or megabit): Mb is an abbreviation of Megabit, and also written as Mbps, which stands for megabits per second.  Mb commonly is used to describe the measurement of internet speeds. A Mb is 1024Kb, while there are 1024Mb in a Gb.

MB (or megabyte): MB is a contraction of for megabyte, which is a term used to describe the size of computer files and storage capacity.

Usage allowance: This expression describes the quantity data allowed to transmit through a mobile broadband connection. Typically it is either a fixed monthly quota, or a pay as you go. Using more data than contracted can result in additional fees.

Wi-Fi: Pronounced ‘why-fye’, Wi-Fi is short for Wireless Fidelity. It is a trademarked term of the Wi-Fi Alliance certified as working in tandem with other products that belong to a class of wireless local area network (WLAN) devices based on the IEEE 802.11 standards.

However, in common usage it means any electronics that work wirelessly over a Wi-Fi network, technically but less likely called a WLAN.  Wi-Fi is the term more commonly used rather than the term technical IEEE 802.11 technology.

WiMAX: This term is an abbreviation of Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access – a new broadband technology that claims to provide a wireless broadband alternative without the need for cables. Similarly to LTE, WiMAX is being considered as the next generation of mobile broadband.
WLAN: WLAN is an abbreviation of for wireless local area network, and is more commonly known as Wi-Fi.

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